Nigerian (419) Scam
Chances are you’ve heard about this one. Although named after Nigeria, the emails can come from Sierra Leone, the Ivory Coast, or almost any other country. Typically they consist of some high ranking or influential individual soliciting assistance in something to the effect of transferring money abroad. Usually they promise a significant portion of their wealth in return for your help. Unfortunately all the transaction costs and fees that you end up paying for are phony and it’s time to write of your losses.
Work At Home Scam
Be your own boss, work from home, make thousands of dollars a week. How often have you seen this advertised? Probably almost daily and while the perpetrators will try to sell you a starter kit containing “everything you need” you’ll usually just end up with a letter telling you to scam your friends and family the same way they scammed you.
Weight Loss Scam
Not much different from the work at home scam, this one usually involves a promise from someone claiming that they can help you lose weight and sometimes even slow the aging process by means of either a pill or some silly patch. Don’t swallow this one though…your bank account will regret it.
Salted Gold Mines
Although this one is a bit outdated, its underlying principles are still very much alive today. Hundreds of years ago mine owners out west would plant several gold nuggets in an otherwise worthless mine in order to make them look good to potential buyers.
900 Phone Number Scam
If you ever get an email or telephone call informing you that you have won some sort of lottery or sweepstakes and all you need to do is call a 1-900 toll number to claim the prize…don’t do it. Every second that you spend on the line listening to the extended pre-recorded message is just more money trickling out of your bank account and into theirs.
Trojan Malware In Androids
A sort of high tech version of the previous scam, this one specifically targets Google’s Android operating system. Essentially a trojan is inadvertently installed on the phone which then begins immediately sending messages to those often abused 900 numbers.
Money Order Overpayment Scam
For those of you trying to get rid of your old sofa on ebay, a word of caution – beware of money orders. Prospective buyers will offer to pay with one that is worth more than the price you are asking for and after the alleged money order “clears” they will ask you to transfer the difference back to them. unfortunately for you though, the money order was a fake and guess who’s responsible?
Probably the most famous swindler in history, Charles Ponzi convinced thousands of people to give him their money with the promise of ridiculously high returns. In something known as a pyramid scheme he paid off the initial investors with the money he got from later investors. His model has been used by by con artists like Bernie Madoff ever since.
Ebay Sellers Not Shipping
Just because you paid for something on ebay doesn’t mean you’re going to receive something through ebay. There are a number of unscrupulous sellers on the site that will just take your money and run. Read the reviews first and if they don’t have any, contact them directly.
This broad term applies to any attempt by a scammer to obtain usernames, passwords, or credit card numbers by masquerading as a legitimate source. Just remember, if you get an email from your bank asking you to verify your account details…ignore it! Legitimate companies will never ask you for this information via email.
Unfortunately, disasters are often prime opportunities for scammers attempting to profit from your goodwill. Although there are many variations, one of the most deceptive is when the nefariously minded individual hacks your email account and sends out a message to all of your contacts telling them that you are stranded and need help getting home.
For most of us our time is just as valuable as our money, so when you go onto jobs search sites that try to upsell you with their “premium” search options rather than just connecting you with the employers it can be a real drag. Moreover, paying for any of these is like paying for instructions on how to tie your shoes, so just go to a reputable site like monster or careerbuilder instead.
You can find almost anything on Craiglist these days, including scams. The apartment listings, especially in places like Manhattan and LA are actually full of fraudulent ads. So if anyone is asking for money before you see the apartment…steer clear.
Fake Antivirus Software
Accounting for about 15 percent of maliciously inclined software, these programs trick people into downloading them by popping up a screen on the user’s computer saying they have a virus. Of course, there is also a link to a program that will “fix” the problem. And by fix we mean steal all of your identity information.