25 Surprising Earth Facts You Probably Have Not Considered

Posted by , Updated on August 14, 2017

What’s one of the most bizarre Earth facts you can think of? Is it the fact that every day, about 100 tons of dust-sized micro meteoroids enter the Earth´s atmosphere? Or how about the fact that, depending on where you are, you could be spinning at over 1,000 mph (1,609 km/h) as Earth rotates around its axis. These facts are but of a couple of the many mind-blowing things our planet has to offer. Home to about 7.3 billion humans, Earth is the only astronomical object known to have life, which is a pretty bizarre statement given the vastness of our known universe (just to give you an idea of the universe’s incomprehensible size, check out these crazy facts about our universe). Despite being small compared to most of the other objects found in space, Earth is a vast place brimming with spectacular natural features and breathtaking beauty. No other planet in the known universe can, for the moment, boast of such a diversity. Needless to say, our planet is awesome! Don’t you agree? From dark mysterious deep ocean abysses to what seems to be an everlasting thunderstorm, we bring you 25 Surprising Earth Facts You Probably Have Not Considered.

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Some lunar scientists believe Earth had two moons at one point in time. The smaller ‘twin’ of the current moon is thought to have only survived a few million years before it collided with the one we see today, leaving just one.

MoonSource: www.telegraph.co.uk, image: commons.wikimedia.org

Although Earth is currently home to up to 14 million different species of life, scientists estimate that over 99 percent of all species that ever lived on our planet are now extinct.

DinosaurusSource and image: en.wikipedia.org

While the world ocean covers almost 70 percent of the planet surface, we have only explored about 5 percent of it so far.

oceanSource: treehugger.com, image: pixabay.com

Nuvvuagittuq Belt, a rock formation located on the shore of Hudson Bay near Quebec, is rumored to have the oldest rocks found on Earth. With an estimated age of about 4.3 billion years, these rocks are slightly younger than Earth itself which is thought to have been created 4.5 billion years ago.

Nuvvuagittuq BeltSource: en.wikipedia.org, image: commons.wikimedia.org

It is estimated that more than 80% of Earth´s surface is volcanic in origin.

volcanoImage: todayifoundout.com, image: en.wikipedia.org

The difference between the world´s lowest (Challenger Deep in the Mariana Trench - 11,034 m or 36,201 ft below sea level) and highest (Mount Everest - 8,848 m or 29,029 ft above sea level) point is 19,882 m or 65,230 feet, which is like 45 Empire State Buildings stacked on top of each other.

Mount EverestSource and image: en.wikipedia.org

Covering an area of approximately 344,400 square kilometers (133,000 sq mi), the Great Barrier Reef located in the Coral Sea off the coast of Australia is the largest living structure on Earth. Composed of 2,900 individual reefs, the structure is so big it can be seen from space.

Great Barrier ReefSource: en.wikipedia.org, image: pixabay.com

The highest temperature ever recorded on Earth was 56.7 C (134 F), measured at Furnace Creek Ranch, Death Valley, California in 1913. The lowest was -89.2 C (-128.6 F), measured at Vostok Station, Antarctica in 1983.

Furnace Creek RanchSource and image: en.wikipedia.org

Depending on where you are, you could be spinning at over 1,000 mph (1,609 km/h) as Earth rotates around its axis. At the same time, we are all hurtling around the Sun at a speed of 67,000 mph (108,000 km/h).

25 Surprising Earth Facts You Probably Have Not ConsideredSource and image: en.wikipedia.org

In the mouth of the Catatumbo River in Venezuela, a unique atmospheric phenomenon known as the everlasting storm can be observed. Originating from a mass of storm clouds at a height of more than 5 km (3 miles), the storm occurs for up to 160 nights a year, 10 hours per day.

everlasting stormSource: en.wikipedia.org, image: commons.wikimedia.org

With almost 56,500 miles (91,000 kilometers) or around 15 percent of the world's more than 372,000 miles (almost 530,000 kilometers) of coastlines, Canada has the longest coastline of any country.

Canada coastSource: seawifs.gsfc.nasa.gov, en.wikipedia.org

According to some astrobiologists, Earth could have been purple. This theory is based on the fact that life forms of early Earth were retinal-based rather than chlorophyll-based thus making Earth appear purple rather than green.

EarthSource and image: en.wikipedia.org

With a weight of over 180 tons, the blue whale is the largest existing animal and the heaviest animal that has ever lived on Earth. For example, Argentinosaurus, one of the largest and heaviest dinosaurs, is estimated to weigh “just” about 73 tons.

blue whaleSource and image: en.wikipedia.org

Located in a plateau in South America, the Atacama Desert has the reputation of the driest place in the world. In the center of this desert, there are areas where rain has never been recorded.

Atacama DesertSource: en.wikipedia.org, image: pixabay.com

During summer months, in some places north of the Arctic Circle or south of the Antarctic Circle, the Sun is visible for full 24 hours. This bizarre phenomenon is known as the midnight sun or polar day.

midnight sunSource and image: en.wikipedia.org

There are places with less gravity than other regions. For example, in Hudson Bay Canada, the weaker gravity is due to the fact that there is less land mass in that area thanks to retreating glaciers and swirling magma deep in the Earth core.

Hudson BaySource and image: en.wikipedia.org

Earth is the only planet not named after a god. The other planets in our solar system are all named after Roman gods or goddesses.

planetsSource: space-facts.com, image: en.wikipedia.org

At Earth´s inner core, the temperature may reach up to 6,000 C (10,830 F), which is more than the temperature on the Sun´s surface (about 5,500 C or 9,940 F).

Earth´s inner coreSource: en.wikipedia.org, image: vi.wikipedia.org

Every day, about 100 tons of dust-sized micro meteoroids enter Earth´s atmosphere.

atmosphereSource: science.nasa.gov, image: commons.wikimedia.org

90% percent of all volcanic activity occurs in the oceans. In 1993, scientists located the largest known concentration of active volcanoes on the sea floor in the South Pacific. This area, the size of New York State, hosts 1,133 volcanic cones and sea mounts.

Sea volcanoSource: seawifs.gsfc.nasa.gov, image: en.wikipedia.org

The world's longest mountain range is found on the bottom of the sea. Known as the mid-ocean ridge, the underwater chain of volcanoes spans about 40,400 miles (65,000 km) across the world ocean bottom.

mid-ocean ridgeSource: en.wikipedia.org, image: commons.wikimedia.org

Scientists estimate from 100 to 115 billion people have lived on Earth so far. The World's current population is 7.3 billion with China and India accounting for almost a third of it.

populationSource: en.wikipedia.org, Image: flickr.com by James Cridland CC2.0

Floating in the Pacific Ocean, there is something known as the eighth continent AKA the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. It's estimated to be twice the size of the US and it's made entirely out of garbage.

Sea pollutionSource and image: en.wikipedia.org

Flowing through 11 African countries, the Nile is the longest river on Earth. A primary water source for Egypt and Sudan, the river is 6,853 km (4,258 miles) long.

NileSource: en.wikipedia.org, image: commons.wikimedia.org

Although Earth appears immensely big to us, it can fit in the Sun 1.3 million times.

SunSource: en.wikipedia.org, image: commons.wikimedia.org

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