Are you thinking of getting a dog? If so, there are many things you should consider such as these 25 things you need to know before adopting a dog. One of the most important things is the size of your new dog. If you like big dogs and have enough space, time, and commitment to give them proper care and love, you could pick one of the larger dog breeds. However, if you live in a small apartment without a backyard, you should stick to small breeds. Today, we’re going to show you some of the smallest dogs in the world. Also known as teacup dog breeds, these dogs might stand just a few inches tall but what they lack in size, they make up for in cuteness. From Yorkshire terriers to Chihuahuas, these are the 25 smallest dogs in the world.
Russian Toy Dog
Also known as Russkiy Toy or Moscow Toy Terrier, the Russian Toy Dog is a toy-sized dog that was developed in Russia in the 19th century when it was a popular companion for the aristocracy. Weighing just 1.3 – 2.7 kg (3 – 6 lb), it is one of the smallest dogs in the world. A very loving, intelligent and loyal pet, the Russian Toy Dog can be either longhaired or smooth-haired.
Originally bred to hunt and kill rats, the Brussels Griffon is an intelligent and cheerful dog with a terrier-like disposition and almost human expression. This affectionate breed comes in a variety of colors, including red, beige, black and tan, or black. Despite its tiny size, this breed makes a good watchdog and can be taught to perform a variety of tricks.
Probably the most famous of the “purse puppies”, Chihuahuas come in many different coat types and colors. Standing no more than 13 cm (5 in) at the shoulder, these small Mexican canines are very popular with dog owners all over the world as they have a great personality, lively nature and they require a minimum of grooming.
As the name suggests, the Japanese Chin comes from Japan where this dog has been prized as a lively companion for more than a thousand years. Intelligent and well-mannered, the Japanese Chin learns quickly but might be a bit stubborn sometimes. Usually friendly toward other animals and strangers, this dog makes a great pet for older children (young kids might accidentally injure it).
Reputed as one of the world´s oldest dog breeds and the most ancient European toy breed, the Maltese has a curious history. The dog is believed to have been discovered by the Phoenicians on the island of Malta around 1500 BC. These days, the Maltese is known to be an extremely lovable and playful dog that always enjoys being with its owners.
Weighing in just 1.8 – 3.2 kg (4 – 7 lb), the Yorkshire Terrier is classified as a toy breed but his personality is pure terrier. Spunky and smart, it loves to play, gets along well with cats, and has the ability to rule bigger family dogs with an iron paw. This amazing breed comes with one drawback though – its beautiful coat requires high maintenance, even if clipped short.
Toy Fox Terrier
A descendant of the Smooth Fox Terrier, the Toy Fox Terrier has become its own breed, recognized by the AKC, as recently as in 2003. Highly energetic and intelligent, this tiny dog does well in obedience and agility competitions but it also makes a great pet for anyone who wants an active, trainable dog, small enough for apartment living.
Developed in Central Europe centuries ago in the Medieval Era, the Prague Ratter is often referred to as the smallest dog breed in the world. Usually weighing in just about 2 kg (4.4 lb), the Prague Ratter has an excellent sense of smell, which is why it was used for finding and killing rats. It is now prized for its lively nature and noble behavior.
Colloquially known as “Poms”, the Pomeranians have a long and interesting history as they are descendants of large sled dogs. As a result of long breeding though, they now belong among the smallest breeds in the world, reaching an average weight of just about 2.2 kg (5 lb). Poms love to be the center of attention and have been even known to behave mischievously in order to garner the coveted attention.
Just like their regularly sized relatives, Toys Poodles are known for unusual smartness, curiosity and playfulness. Although they might weigh just a few pounds, they are very courageous and alert, which also makes them great watchdogs. Toy Poodles can live as happily in a small apartment as they can in a large home with a yard.
Also known as the Monkey Terrier, the Affenpinscher is a toy-sized, terrier-like dog, easily recognizable by its unusually hairy face. Affenpinschers tend to get along with other dogs, pets and children. They are busy, bold, inquisitive and playful but when not given proper rules and training they might become authoritarian.
The Havanese was once nearly extinct on his native island of Cuba but this small breed has been increasingly popular recently. Standing just about 25 cm (10 in) tall at the shoulder, the Havanese is very playful and always willing to please. It is easy to train, and has an aptitude for performing in obedience competitions. The breed’s history of circus tricks aids him in agility.
Dachshunds rank among small dog breeds but they can actually get even smaller. The Miniature Dachshund usually stands just about 13 – 18 cm (5 – 7 in) tall at the shoulder, making it arguably the world´s shortest dog. Yet, these tiny pooches are very affectionate and playful. They love the outdoors but they will be happy in a city apartment too.
Originally bred to hunt and kill vermin in barns, the Norfolk Terrier was developed in England in the early 1800s. It might be one of the smallest terriers but in terms of the temperament and nature, it can easily compete with much larger breeds. The Norfolk Terrier is a fearless, independent, hard-working, affectionate and very smart dog.
Originally a lap dog favored by Chinese royalty, the Pekingese is an ancient toy dog breed. Its noble origins sometimes make it difficult to housetrain but other than that, the Pekingese is very affectionate and loyal with his family members. Its vigilant nature also makes it a great watchdog that is – thanks to its compact size – suited to any home.
Another toy dog breed that originated in ancient China, the Shih Tzu is believed to be one of the oldest dog breeds in the world – it was found out that these dogs existed as early as 8,000 BC. The Shih Tzu was originally kept in royal palaces as a lap dog but recently, it started to be used in dog sports, particularly obedience, rally and agility competitions.
Originally a companion dog of Belgian sailors, the Schipperke is considered one of the smallest shepherd breeds in the world. It is an extremely lively and energetic dog that loves to chase anything that moves. An alert watchdog, the Schipperke is usually reserved with strangers. This breed can make an amiable and pleasant apartment dog but needs daily exercise.
Closely related and similar to the Yorkshire Terrier, the Silky Terrier was developed in Australia in the 19th century. Usually weighing about 4 – 4.5 kg (9 – 10 lb), this little dog is notable for its straight, silky and shiny coat. The silky terrier is a tough character that is always up for a challenge and adventure. Despite its tiny size, it loves to go vermin hunting whenever given the chance.
Named after its characteristic butterfly-like look, the Papillon (French word for butterfly) is one of the oldest, smartest, most popular and most trainable toy dogs. The highly energetic and spirited Papillon is commonly chosen by obedience or agility exhibitors who want a top-notch competition dog in a very small package.
Originally developed as a ratter, the Miniature Schnauzer is easily identifiable by its long beard and bushy eyebrows. A tiny dog with a whole lot of heart, this pooch is always in the top 20 most popular breeds in the US, UK and Germany, but it is commonly found around the world. The Miniature Schnauzer is a very intelligent and affectionate dog that loves to be in the center of the action.
Chinese Crested Dog
The Chinese Crested Dog comes in two distinct varieties – the “hairless” and the “powderpuff”. The hairless variety is just that: hairless, except for its feet, head and tail. The “powderpuff” has a long, soft coat. These dogs are alert, charming, agile and lovable. They are playful with children but due to their tiny size and the lack of protective fur (the hairless form), they can get injured easily.
Standing about 25 cm (10 in) tall at the shoulder, the Bichon Frise is a small fluffy dog that probably originated in Spain. Bred specifically to be a companion, the Bichon Frise is a wonderfully affectionate dog. Because his job was to entertain, his nifty repertoire of tricks made him an ideal circus dog. Today, though, it is more often found entertaining families at home.
The Lancashire Heeler was once used to drive livestock to market and hunt rats and rabbits at home, but is now a popular companion dog breed in his native UK. In appearance, it resembles its Corgi cousins but it is smaller, usually weighing just about 6 kg (14 lb). The Lancashire Heeler makes an alert, friendly, energetic, intelligent and playful dog companion.
Similar in size and appearance to the Pomeranian, the Volpino Italiano is a rare breed of the spitz. Developed in ancient Italy, this dog breed was loved by royalty and peasants alike as it is very friendly and energetic. It makes a great family dog as it is very loyal and bonds firmly with its human owners. Because of the long and bushy coat, however, this dog requires weekly coat brushing and regular bathing.
A relatively new breed developed in Germany, the Biewer Terrier is a long-haired toy terrier. Despite being one of the tiniest terriers, usually weighing no more than 3 kg (7 lb), this dog is highly energetic, brave, loyal, intelligent and always eager for adventure. Its lively and affectionate nature makes it a great pet for adults and older children (young kids might accidentally hurt it).
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