25 Biology Mysteries Humanity Has Not Figured Out Yet

Biology mysteries exist all over the world and we encounter them pretty much everyday. They can be as small in size as cancerous cells, or as large and imposing as the majestic blue whale. Even though science has been able to uncover many wonders of our world’s biological make up, it still has a long way to go. For example, we still haven’t deciphered Peto’s Paradox, pinpointed with certainty the origin of flowers or even the origin of the Ebola virus! That’s only scratching the surface, we still don’t know what the vast majority of our DNA does or how exactly butterflies migrate. Talk about a mess of biological mysteries! It’s a good thing our species is curious because we are currently working hard to uncover these mysteries. Discoveries that could propel humanity into a new age of prosperity and health. Take the Ebola Virus for example, Canadian scientists have been able to successfully treat monkeys (though sadly, it’s a long way before such measures can be applied to humans). By the way, if you want to learn more about the Ebola virus, be sure to check out these 25 Facts About Ebola You Should Know. So if you want to know about some of the most unique biological mysteries our planet has to offer, stick around as we share with you these 25 biology mysteries humanity has not figured out yet.

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20

Alkaloids

AlkaloidsSource and Image: en.wikipedia.org

A group of naturally occurring chemical compounds that are composed of mostly basic nitrogen atoms, Alkaloids are produced by a large variety of organisms including bacteria, fungi, plants, and animals. However, their function is not entirely understood and the scientific community is still searching for answers.

19

Adaptation

adaptationSource and Image: en.wikipedia.org

At present there is no theoretical model for how adaptation occurs that is close to being complete. Mathematical models of evolution describe how the process of natural selection influences the frequency of already existing gene variants based on their relative fitness (survival of the fittest). Only a small amount of theory treats the problem of modeling the generation of new variants through mutation, in terms of either fitness or phenotypic form.


18

Homing (In Biology)

Homing (in biology)Source and Image: en.wikipedia.org

Homing is the inherent ability of an animal to navigate toward an original location through unfamiliar areas. This location may be either a home territory or a breeding spot. Even though we are kind of familiar with the phenomenon of homing, a satisfactory explanation for the neurobiological mechanisms that cause it has yet to be found.

17

Hammerhead Shark’s Structure

Hammerhead SharkSource and Image: en.wikipedia.org

The hammerhead shark is known for it’s distinctive head shape. However, the reason for this shark’s unusual shape is still not fully understood. Some have theorized that the hammerhead evolved in order to increase it’s electrosensory area, another hypothesis involves better sight, and yet another hypothesis is the improvement of movement through the waters.


16

Golgi Apparatus

Golgi ApparatusSource: en.wikipedia.org, Image: pixabay.com

In cell theory, we still don’t know what the exact transport mechanism by which proteins travel through the Golgi apparatus actually is.

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