25 Curious Facts About Ebola You Should Know

The whole world is anxiously watching the news about the Ebola outbreak centered in Western Africa. So far, it has been the largest Ebola outbreak ever recorded with thousands of casualties. Recently, there have been several cases of Ebola even in Europe and the USA so it is important to have at least the basic awareness of this malicious, deadly disease. Therefore, we created a list of 25 curious facts about Ebola you should know that will help you better understand the disease and may teach you the elemental rules of prevention.

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The full official name of Ebola is Ebola virus disease (EVD) or Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF).

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EVD is a disease caused by one of five different Ebola viruses. Four of the strains can cause severe illness in both humans and animals. The fifth, Reston virus, is non-pathogenic to humans, though deadly to some animals.

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The first known outbreak of the disease was recorded in 1976. It originated in Zaire (today´s Democratic Republic of the Congo). The virus got its name after the Ebola River which is thought to be the place where the first people got infected.

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Since then, there have been several more outbreaks of Ebola in Africa with the death rate varying from 25% to 90%. On average, about half of the infected die.

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Early signs and symptoms of Ebola (fever, sore throat, muscle pain and headaches) are the same as of other viral infections; therefore it is difficult to diagnose EVD in the early stages.

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