25 Biggest, Tallest, Deepest, And Smallest Places on Earth

Posted by , Updated on March 21, 2024

From the dark depths of the ocean to some of the highest peaks on Earth these are the 25 biggest, tallest, deepest, and smallest places in the world!



Deepest Lake - Lake Baikal

earth's extreme

This Siberian rift lake is not only the deepest lake on Earth but it also has the largest volume containing roughly 20% of the Earth’s surface fresh water.


Highest Mountain - Mount Everest

earth's extreme

As you may have suspected Mount Everest is the officially recognized tallest mountain in the world. But that’s only if we’re starting our measurement at sea level…


Highest mountain from base to peak - Mauna Kea

earth's extreme

Mauna Kea, the volcano on Hawaii’s big island is over twice as tall as Mount Everest if measured from its base on the sea floor to its peak.


Point farthest from the center of the Earth - Mount Chimborazo

earth's extreme

Due to the bulge of the Earth at the equator, the peak of Mount Everest is also not the farthest point from the center of the Earth. That honor belongs to the summit of Mount Chimborazo in Ecuador.


Lowest point on Earth - Challenger Deep

earth's extreme

At nearly 11 km below the surface of the ocean, this recess is the deepest point of the already deep Mariana Trench. In fact, Mount Everest would fit comfortably below the surface here.


Highest Waterfall - Angel Falls

earth's extreme

This waterfall in Venezuela is so high that water will sometimes evaporate before hitting the ground.


Driest place - Atacama Desert

earth's extreme

There is a point in the middle of Chile’s Atacama Desert where rain has never been recorded. Scientists call this region “absolute desert”.


Highest human settlement - La Rinconada

earth's extreme

Found in Peru, this mining town is found in the highest hospitable regions of the globe. Any higher and human’s would not be able to adapt.


Hottest temperature - Death Valley

earth's extreme

At a recorded temperature of about 134 degrees Fahrenheit or nearly 57 degrees Celsius Death Valley in California has once again recently become the hottest place on Earth.


Most remote inhabited place on Earth - Tristan de Cunha

earth's extreme

Thousands of miles from both South Africa and South America, this small archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean has a population of 271 people. Mail only arrives a few times per year.


Deepest cave - Krubera Cave

earth's extreme

Found in Georgia this is the only known cave on Earth that is deeper than 2,000 meters.


Largest vertical drop - Mount Thor

earth's extreme

Located in Canada, Mount Thor has a vertical drop of 1,250 meters and despite its extremely remote location in the frozen tundra of Canada’s northern provinces, it is a popular rock climbing destination.


Hottest Inhabited Place - Dallol, Ethiopia

earth's extreme

The hottest constantly inhabited region in the world is in Ethiopia. These days though, Dallol has become even more sparsely populated and some would even say it has become a ghost town. There has been no recent official census, however, so the record still stands.


Northern most point of land on Earth - Kaffeklubben Island

earth's extreme

Belonging to Greenland, this island is officially considered the northernmost point of land on Earth. There are, however, several shifting gravel bars that lie further to the north.


Coldest temperature - Vostok Station, Antarctica

earth's extreme

At -128.6°F or -89.2°C this temperature was measured in East Antarctica and apart from some newer satellite measurements is still considered the lowest ground based temperature on record.


Deepest Ice - Bentley Subglacial Trench

earth's extreme

Also found in Antarctica, the ice here is over 2.5 km deep. In fact, the land it is resting on is far below sea level and is the lowest point on Earth not covered by ocean.


Deepest point measured from ground level - Kola Super Deep Borehole

earth's extreme

Although it is artificially created, this Russian science project attempted to drill as far as possible into the Earth’s crust. The drill reached over 12 km.


Deepest man made point - TauTona Mine

earth's extreme

This South African mine is the deepest point beneath the surface of the Earth in which a human could fit. It is nearly 4 km deep.


Coldest inhabited place - Oymyakon, Russia

earth's extreme

Sometimes the temperature drops below freezing in mid September and stays there until May. The average temperature in January is −46 °C. The village has a population of less than 500 people.


Highest Road - Aucanquilcha mining road

earth's extreme

This mining road was once used by trucks to climb this Chilean volcano to an altitude of over 6,000 meters.


Highest Mountain Pass – Marsimik La, India

earth's extreme

Although the volcanic mountain road we just saw is technically the highest navigable road in the world, it is a dead end and is not used anymore. At 5,582 metres (18,314 ft) this pass in northern India is often considered to be the highest functional road in the world.


Highest Lake - Lake Titicaca

earth's extreme

On the border of Peru and Bolivia in the Andes Mountains this lake is found at 3,812 meters. There are several possible unnamed crater lakes that may be slightly higher.


Most remote island - Bouvet Island

earth's extreme

This uninhabited and small Norwegian island in the South Atlantic Ocean lies somewhere between Antarctica and Tristan de Cunha (which as you may recall is itself quite remote)


Longest River - Nile

earth's extreme

In spite of the difficulties in precisely calculating the source and destination of various rivers, the Nile is typically accepted as the longest river in the world at 6,650 km. A long time ago, when water was still flowing out of Lake Tanganyika, the Nile was nearly 1500 km longer.


Point furthest from the ocean - Xinjiang, China

earth's extreme

This region in China is the Asian pole of inaccessability. This basically means that it is the continent’s most distant point from any given ocean.