Formerly called Ceylon, Sri Lanka an island nation in the Indian Ocean, located in Southern Asia, just off the coast of India. Adam’s Bridge, a land connection to the Indian mainland, is now mostly submerged with only a chain of limestone shoals remaining above sea level.
One of the larger members of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, Banks Island is situated in the Inuvik Region of the Northwest Territories, Canada. It is treeless and the only permanent settlement on the island, Sachs Harbour or Ikhuak, an Inuvialuit hamlet, is on the southwest coast.
Sakhalin is Russia’s largest island, and is administered as part of Sakhalin Oblast. It is about one fifth the size of Japan and has a population of roughly half a million.
Hispaniola is the site of the first European colonies in the New World, which were founded by Christopher Columbus on his voyages in 1492 and 1493. It is the ninth-most-populous island in the world, and the most populous in the Americas. It is the second largest island in the Caribbean (after Cuba) and the 22nd-largest island in the world.
Formerly known as Ezo, Hokkaido is Japan’s second largest island; it is also the largest and northernmost of Japan’s 47 prefectures.
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Politically, Ireland is divided between the Republic of Ireland, which covers just under five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, a part of the United Kingdom, which covers the remainder and is located in the north-east of the island. The population of Ireland is approximately 6.4 million. Just under 4.6 million live in the Republic of Ireland and just under 1.8 million live in Northern Ireland.
Mindanao is the second largest and easternmost island in the Philippines. It is also the name of one of the three island groups in the country (the other two being Luzon and the Visayas).
The most sparsely populated country in Europe, Iceland is warmed by the Gulf Stream and has a temperate climate despite a high latitude just outside the Arctic Circle.
This Caribbean island nation with a population of just over 11 million is the 17th largest non continental landmass in the world.
Newfoundland is a large Canadian island off the east coast of the North American mainland, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador.
The largest island in the Philippines, Luzon is home to the capital city of Manila.
Home to most of New Zealand’s population, the North Island is the smaller of the two primary islands that comprise the country.
Java is the most populous island in the world with 137 million people and is home to Jakarta, the capital city of Indonesia.
The larger of the two major islands of New Zealand, the other being the more populous North Island, the South Island is sometimes referred to as “The Mainland”.
One of the four larger Sunda Islands of Indonesia and the world’s eleventh-largest island Sulawesi is situated between Borneo and the Maluku Islands.
This Canadian island reaches to the northernmost part of the country and has only 146 residents.
Also known as Britain, it is the third most populous island in the world (after Java and Honshu) and the largest island in Europe.
Only slightly larger than Great Britain, this island in northern Canada is home to barely 1,000 inhabitants.
Typically the first island that comes to mind when people think of Japan Honshu is home to over 100 million people, a vast majority of which live in the Tokyo metropolitan area.
The largest island located entirely in Indonesia, Sumatra is home to approximately 50 million people.
Located in the far north of Canada, this island only has about 10,000 inhabitants and its largest community consists of only 6,000 people.
Located in the Indian Ocean of the eastern coast of southern Africa, this isolated island has some of the most interesting flora and fauna in the world.
The third largest island in the world, Borneo is divided among three countries – Brunei, Indonesia, and Malaysia. The mountain in the picture is Mount Kinabalu, the island’s highest point.
The planet’s second largest island is home to the world’s greatest concentration of languages (over 1000), a vast number of uncontacted tribal groups, and a large amount of unexplored terrain.
Although some scientists believe that beneath Greenland’s icy surface it could actually be three separate islands, most people accept Greenland as the world’s largest non-continental landmass.