Despite all the things we’ve learned about ancient history, there’s still many unexplained archaeological discoveries. Most discoveries give us a window into the past. However, there are some discoveries that defy popular knowledge about ancient civilizations and their capabilities. Like, how was Stonehenge built? What are the Nazca lines for? What’s the deal with the devil’s bible? But, just because we don’t understand something, doesn’t mean we can’t try and learn from it. Eventually, we’ll figure it out. In the meantime, it’s fun to enjoy the mystery of the past. Check out these 25 mysterious archaeological discoveries no one can explain.
An artifact dating 2,000 years ago and found in Khujut Rabu just outside Baghdad, the Baghdad Battery is a clay jar with an asphalt stopper and an iron rod sticking through the asphalt. When it’s filled with vinegar, it produces 1.1 volts and is believed to be an early battery. However, there’s no written record of this function and is the best theory we have today.
Under Nevsehir in Turkey, there’s an underground city known as Derinkuyu. While there are many underground cities in Turkey, Derinkuyu is the largest, spanning 8 levels and going down to 80 meters. It’s been dated back to the 8th century B.C., built by the Phrygians and in later times was used by early Christians fleeing persecution. Otherwise, no one knows why they were originally built.
The Shroud of Turin
The Shroud of Turin is a 14-foot long cloth with an impression of a man who endured horrible pain by crucifixion. Located in Italy, some Christians believe the shroud was on Jesus Christ as he laid in the tomb. Scientific studies continue to be controversial. There are conflicts concerning its date with some scientists dating it to the medieval period while others have dated it back to the time of Christ.
Using sonar imaging, a large underwater cairn was found in the Sea of Galilee. The pile of stones is approximately 70 m in diameter but archaeologists aren’t sure of the date or the use of the structure. Because a large school of tilapia swims around it, some have theorized it is an ancient fishery used to catch fish.
Stonehenge is a famous archaeological site that has confounded researchers for years. The largest stones at the structure are 30 feet high and weigh 25 tons. Some of the stones originate from west Wales, meaning they were transported 140 miles (225 km). How they did that remains a mystery but it would require thousands of people all working together. Because of the labor involved, another theory claims Stonehenge could mark as the unification of England.