This country’s rocky coastline is covered in an ice sheet that can be up to three kilometers thick (1.8 miles). This ice sheet is what keeps the country’s population close to the rocky coastline.
Changtang Region, Tibet
In spite of the short summers, arctic winds, and hail in this part of the Tibetan Plateau, half a million people known as the Changpa call this place home. Many follow the harsh migration routes of their ancestors in order to find grass for their livestock, which often means camping in tents and stone-walled shelters during these harsh weather patterns.
Parts of this region have boomed thanks to the discovery of oil, gas, and minerals. However, the weather is still as harsh as ever. In some places, temperatures can go has high as 38 degrees Celsius (100 degrees Fahrenheit) during summer and plunge into double-digit negatives during winter.
The fierce sun, infertile soil, and arid weather keep the human population low in this desert, which covers most of Australia.
The Sahara Desert
Few humans call this place home, and only nomads like the Tuareg have managed to survive on the edges by trading, hunting, and raising their livestock on meager vegetation.