25 Devastating Facts About The Peloponnesian War You Probably Ignored

Ancient Greece’s history is chock-full of heroic figures, glorious wars, and countless contributions to the world in various disciplines. These contributions have impressed and stimulated the minds of generations of people worldwide for more than two thousand years. However, there were events that occurred that were pretty shameful, especially for a superb civilization such as the ancient Greek. One such shameful event was the Peloponnesian War, arguably the most catastrophic and disastrous civil war in antiquity, which transformed ancient Greece from a cultural capital into a poor and decadent place.

Soon after the most glorious moment of ancient Greek warfare and the victory of the united Greek forces against the Persian Empire, the two dominant city-states of Greece, Athens and Sparta, put all logic aside. Blind from their greed, they surrendered to their thirst for absolute power and domination. Inevitably this led to the Peloponnesian War that destroyed whole cities and marked the dramatic end to the fifth century BCE and the golden age of Greece. Here follow 25 Devastating Facts About The Peloponnesian War that will remind you that civil war, or any war for that matter, can only destroy what great individuals have built with their minds.

Featured image: Shutterstock

25

The war took its name from the peninsula at the tip of southern Greece, which, to this day, is called the Peloponnese. Many Greek city-states, including Sparta, Corinth, and Argos, are situated in this region.

PeloponneseSource: History of the Peloponnesian War by Thucydides, Image: Wikipedia
24

Even though the Peloponnesian War was fought among numerous Greek city-states, most people know it as a struggle for domination and power between Athens, which led the Delian League, and Sparta, which led the Peloponnesian League.

Ancient Greek mapSource: History of the Peloponnesian War by Thucydides, Image: Wikipedia

23

The Athenian Empire was at its prime just before the Peloponnesian War started. More than 150 Greek city-states that had joined the fight against Persia were under Athenian control.

warriorsSource: History of the Peloponnesian War by Thucydides, Image: Wikipedia
22

The Peloponnesian War was actually two separate wars that took place between 431 BCE and 404, with a six year truce in between.

gatheringSource: History of the Peloponnesian War by Thucydides, Image: Wikipedia

21

The History of the Peloponnesian War is without a doubt the most popular historical account of the war, written by one of the fathers of Western history, Thucydides. The famous Athenian historian also happened to serve as a general during the war.

ThucydidesSource: History of the Peloponnesian War by Thucydides, Image: Wikipedia


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