La Rinconada, Peru
As far as inaccessibility is concerned, few locations in the world compare to La Rinconada. At nearly 17,000 ft, its considered to be the “highest” city in the world. The only way to get there is via truck, and it had better be 4-wheel drive at that. In spite of this, and being located on a permanently frozen glacier, it has 30,000 inhabitants, almost all of whom are involved in the business of mining gold.
Cape York Peninsula, Australia
A huge expanse of untouched wilderness located on the northern tip of Australia, the region has a population of only 18,000, mostly consisting of aboriginal tribes. It is considered to be one of the largest undeveloped places left in the world and notoriously hard to access. The unpaved Peninsula Development Road is the only way to get there on land, but due to flooding and poor conditions helicopter is probably your best bet.
Located in the Pacific Ocean, roughly 2000 miles off of the Chilean coast, its relatively small, covering only about 70 square miles and is inhabited by barely 4000 people. Whenever people think of Easter Island the first thing that comes to mind is probably the army of rock faces that line its beaches. The Moai, as they are otherwise known, were carved about 500 years ago by the island’s earliest inhabitants and because moving so much rock requires a good amount of wood, Easter Island has been for the most part deforested.
Of all the towns in Greenland, perhaps none is as remote as Ittoqqortoormiit. The town is part of a municipal district approximately the size of England, but it has a population of only slightly more than 500. Although it lies on the coast, the surrounding seas are almost perpetually frozen, leaving only three months open to travel by boat. There is an airport some 25 miles away, but flights are rare. For the most part, as one of the northernmost settlements in the world, it is completely isolated in the vastness of the tundra.
Kerguelen Islands, South Indian Ocean
Also known as the “Desolation Islands” for their sheer distance from any kind of civilization, the Kerguelen Islands are a small archipelago located in the southern Indian Ocean. There is no airstrip on the islands, and to get to them travelers must take a six-day boat ride from Reunion, another small island located off the coast of Madagascar. Today the island is primarily a scientific center, but it also holds a satellite, a French missile defense system, and even serves as a sort of refuge for a particular type of French cattle that has become endangered on the mainland.