The works of prehistoric architecture are predominantly made up of monoliths, dolmans, tumuli and lake dwellings and cover those structures that were built during the Paleolithic, Mesolithic, and Neolithic periods, including the Ice Age and Bronze Age. Most of the structures built at the time were made of clay and stone and featured circles of vertical stones or monoliths as well as horizontal stone slabs. Here is a list of 25 unbelievable examples of prehistoric architecture:
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Dolmens of North Caucasus in Russia and Abkhazia, 25000 – 10000 BC
Known to represent a unique type of prehistoric architecture, the Dolmens of North Caucasus were built between 25,000 and 10,000 BC with precisely dressed large stone blocks. These dolmens lie throughout the Caucasus Mountains, including the Abkhazia. They are represented by rectangular structures made of stone slabs or cut in rocks with holes in their façade.
Callanish Stones in Scotland, 2900 – 2600 BC
Situated near the village of Callanish on the west coast of Lewis in the Outer Hebrides, Callanish Stones were built between 2900 and 2600 BC and are characterized by 13 primary stones forming a circle about 13 meters in diameter, with a long approach avenue of stones to the north and shorter stone rows to the east, south and west.
Silbury Hill in Wiltshire, 2490 – 2340 BC
Located near Avebury in the English county of Wiltshire, Silbury Hill is a prehistoric artificial chalk mound that forms part of the Stonehenge. It is part of the complex of Neolithic monuments around Avebury and is similar to the size of smaller Egyptian pyramids of the Giza Necropolis. It stands 40 meters and is composed mainly of chalk and clay excavated from its surrounding areas.
Carnac Stones in France, 4500 – 3300 BC
Erected between 4500 and 3300 BC, the Carnac Stones are a dense collection of over three thousand standing stones around the French village of Carnac. Some archaeologists claim that the stones were intentionally aligned astronomically to create an observatory or calendar system. It is known today as the largest standing stones collection in the world.
The Unfinished Obelisk of Aswan Egypt, c. 1550 – 1292 BC
The unfinished Obelisk of Aswan Egypt stands 137 feet (42 meters) tall and weighs 1200 tons. Had it been finished, this obelisk would have been a single piece of rock that stood taller than a ten-story building. It lies in the ancient quarries near Aswan.