If you asked someone what they know about Greenland, most people just say it is a damn cold country somewhere up in the north. In fact, Greenland is an amazing country boasting breathtaking natural beauties, numerous interesting primacies and a reputation of adventurers´ paradise. Occupying a total area of well over 2 million square kilometers (almost 840,000 square miles), Greenland is the largest island in the world. However, its population of just 56,000 people makes it the world´s least densely populated country at the same time. Geographically belonging to North America but politically and culturally associated with Europe, Greenland is an astonishing country that you absolutely have to visit and these 25 things will prove it.
Surprisingly rich history
Despite being a country with an extremely cold climate, Greenland has been inhabited since as early as at least 2500 BC. Over the time, many different tribes and nations including Arctic tribes from today Canada, Vikings or Inuit people have lived on this island. Today, the population consists of Greenlandic Inuit (89%) and a mixture of European nations (11%).
The majority of Greenland is less than 1,500 meters (almost 5,000 feet) in elevation but there are also peaks reaching thousands of meters in height. The highest mountain of the country is Gunnbjorn Field at 3,700 meters (12,139 feet).
Climbing and mountaineering
It is not only the Greenland´s mountains that attract extreme sportsmen from around the world. Local glaciers also offer great conditions for climbing and mountaineering.
Located on the eastern coast of Greenland, Scoresby Sund is the largest and longest fjord system in the world. It has a tree-like structure, with a main body approximately 110 kilometers (68 miles) long that branches into a system of fjords covering an area of about 38,000 square kilometers (14,700 square miles).
Northeast Greenland National Park
Greenland hold several more impressive primacies. Established in 1974, Northeast Greenland National Park, for example, is the world’s largest and most northerly national park. With its area of 972,001 km2 (375,000 sq mi), it is bigger than all but thirty countries in the world.