In this article, we are going to take a deeper look into the history of the most deadly horrifying earthquakes.
An earthquake is most commonly known as the shaking of the Earth’s surface. It is normally caused when two blocks of Earth suddenly slip past one another. This then causes a sudden release of energy that could either feel like a small tremor or violent shaking.
Earthquakes are one of nature’s most destructive forces. They have the power to demolish cities in a matter of seconds. Scientists measure earthquakes according to the Richter Magnitude Scale.
The scale ranges from one to nine. The one magnitude is the weakest measurement and normally can’t be felt. The nine magnitude is the highest rating which is believed to cause the most damage.
Turkmenistan, Ashgabat 1948
It only took about 15 seconds for a catastrophic earthquake to destroy over 40 villages in Turkmenistan, Ashgabat.
It measured in at 10 on the Richter scale. The natural disaster occurred on October 7, 1948, and it killed about 110,000 citizens.
After the devastation people from all across the Soviet Union came together to help. Some people rebuilt schools and houses while others donated food, medicine, clothing, and other essentials.
Haiyuan, China, December 16, 1920
China was in the midst of civil war when the twentieth century’s second deadliest earthquake occurred. On the evening of December 16, hundreds of thousands of lives would be taken by a powerful tremor from the ground.
The earthquake measured at a magnitude of 8.5 and its powered showed by all the damage it caused. Thousands of people were left injured and homeless. However, millions were affected by the aftermath which caused drought and famine to all of North China.
Valdivia, Chili 1960
One of the strongest earthquakes to date took place off the coast of Valdivia, Chili. The first shock measured with a magnitude of 9.5 which then generated a deadly tsunami.
While sounding coastal cities were mainly hit the devastation sprawled as far as Hawaii, Japan, and the Philippines.
Immense damages were caused by both the earthquake and the tsunami. It is believed that an estimated 1,655 people were killed worldwide and 3,000 injured.
Yungay, Peru 1970
On May 31, 1970, Yungay, Peru experienced not one but two horrifying natural disasters.
The first was a 45-second underwater earthquake that had a magnitude of 7.9. Which then caused a deadly avalanche on the northern wall of Mout Huascaran.
Thousands of tons of rock and ice plummeted towns of Yungay and Ranrahirca. An estimated 75,000 lives were lost and 25,000 people were announced as missing.
Managua, Nicaraguan 1972
Earthquakes are no stranger to the city of Managua, Nicaraguan. By 1972 the city had already experienced two devastating quakes.
However, the one that took place on D December 23rd was nothing like they’ve ever seen. After the powerful tremors, a deadly fire broke out causing millions of dollars in damage and killing over 10,000 people.