WWE Smackdown is a professional wrestling television program launched in 1999 in the United States and is now being broadcast in different nations and air times. WWE divided itself into two wrestling shows as part of its brand extension in 2002: Raw and Smackdown. Sometimes labeled as a “male soap opera,” the WWE shows have very scripted dialogues and outcomes designed for entertainment, meaning the winner of the match has already been decided before the match even begins.
Crossing Over with John Edward
John Edward, an American television personality and known psychic medium, was the producer and host of the show Crossing Over with John Edward (1999-2004), where he claimed to communicate with the deceased friends or relatives of his audience. The show appears in a split screen so viewers can see John Edward’s continuous reading; and on the other side, the audience being read either confirms or denies John Edward’s claims. However, John Edward’s ability has been criticized for using hot and cold readings, or using wide array of general guesses to create an impression of psychic ability.
Keeping Up with the Kardashians
Keeping Up with the Kardashians is a series that has aired since 2007 and follows the lives of the Kardashian/Jenner family. The dynamics of the family became their key to celebrity, not scripted but definitely not real life. It’s more of a guilty pleasure rather than a representation of the average American family.
The Jersey Shore
Jersey Shore was an American reality television show that followed the lives of housemates living together over the summer in New Jersey. It received criticisms from the Italian government because of the term used on the show, “guido,” which is a general ethnic slur for Italian Americans and Italians. A number of Italian-American organizations supported the fight to stop airing the show, of which MTV responded with a press release stating that the show is only intended for “an aspect of the youth culture.” After calls for the removal of the show were expressed, several advertisers refused to continue airing their ads, since many disagreed with MTV’s statement.
First premiered in 2006 as The Real Housewives of Orange County, Real Housewives is a reality television series in the United States which is aired by different broadcasters in the international arena. It follows how bourgeois housewives and women from several American cities maintain friendships and overlapping social relationships with one another. These housewives are in a bubble that most people are unfamiliar with (meaning most of us are not from a bourgeois society), making what it means to be a housewife a lot different from the average person’s.