February 2 is Groundhog Day and we are here to provide you with some cool facts about groundhogs so that you can impress your friends at your next Groundhog Day party. In the US, Groundhog Day was adopted as early as in 1887, which makes it a traditional holiday that has been increasingly popular in recent years. To find out more about this special day and groundhogs in general, check out these 25 Odd Facts About Groundhogs To Keep You Entertained.
The groundhog has a number of other names and nicknames. It is also referred to as a chuck, wood-shock, ground-pig, whistle-pig, whistler, thickwood badger, Canada marmot, wood-chuck, monax, moonack, weenusk, and red monk.
According to folklore, if it is cloudy when a groundhog emerges from its burrow on the Groundhog Day, then the spring season will arrive early. If it is sunny, the groundhog will supposedly see its shadow and retreat back into its den, and winter weather will persist for six more weeks.
The groundhog typically measures 40 to 65 cm (16 to 26 in) long (including tail) and weigh 2 to 4 kg (4 to 9 lb) but in areas with fewer natural predators and large amounts of food, they can grow to 80 cm (30 in) and 14 kg (31 lb).
Groundhogs are often hunted for sport and they have many natural predators such as wolves, cougars, coyotes, foxes, bears, eagles, and dogs but their great ability to reproduce quickly has tended to mitigate these depopulating effects.