The Nobel Peace Prize is one of the five Nobel Prizes created by the Swedish industrialist, inventor, and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel. Ever wonder who some of the most remarkable winners have been? From Martin Luther King Jr. to Mother Teresa, here are 25 Most Remarkable Nobel Peace Prize Winners.
The Swiss businessman and social activist, Henry Dunant was the first recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1901. During a business trip in 1859, Dunant saw the aftermath of the Battle of Solferino in Italy, and in response to the cruelties he witnessed, he founded the Red Cross in 1863. The Geneva Convention (adopted in 1864) was also based on his ideas.
Bertha von Suttner
Born in Prague in 1843, Bertha von Suttner was a Czech-Austrian baroness, pacifist, and novelist. The first woman to be solely awarded the Nobel Peace Prize (in 1905), she wrote one of the 19th century’s most influential books, the anti-war novel, “Lay Down Your Arms.”
The 26th President of the United States, Theodore Roosevelt received the Peace Prize for having negotiated peace in the Russo-Japanese War and resolving the dispute with Mexico by resorting to arbitration as recommended by the peace movement. However, the award was, for the first time, controversial as Roosevelt was perceived by some as a “military mad” imperialist who completed the American conquest of the Philippines.
Woodrow Wilson was another US President who won the Nobel Peace Prize, but in this case, there was no controversy. Wilson won the Prize for 1919 as the leading architect behind the League of Nations, whose aim was to ensure world peace after the slaughter of millions of people in the First World War.
Known as the Mother of Social Work, Jane Addams was a pioneer American settlement activist, social worker, sociologist, author and leader in women’s suffrage and world peace. Addams was the second woman to receive the Peace Prize (1931). She founded the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom in 1919 and worked for many years to get the great powers to disarm and conclude peace agreements.
Photos: Feature Image: lasanta.com.ec via flickr, 25. International Committee of the Red Cross via flickr, 20. Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-93516-0010 / Unknown / CC-BY-SA 3.0 via wikimedia commons, 17. Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-D0116-0041-019 / Unknown / CC-BY-SA 3.0 via wikimedia commons, 15. Dominican order in Belgium via wikimedia commons, 14. Dutch National Archives via wikimedia commons, 12. manhhai via flickr, 11. Anefo / Croes, R.C. via the Dutch National Archives via wikimedia commons, 10. Túrelio via wikimedia commons, 9. MEDEF via flickr, 8. Christopher Michael via flickr, 7. RIA Novosti archive, image #359290 / Yuryi Abramochkin / CC-BY-SA 3.0 via wikimedia commons, 5. Elza Fiúza via wikimedia commons, 4. United States Mission Geneva via flickr, 3. Pete Souza, The Obama-Biden Transition Project via wikimedia commons, 2. Harry Wad via wikimedia commons, 1. DFID- UD Department for International Development via flickr