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The Xinjiang conflict is an ongoing separatist struggle in the northwestern part of today’s China. Some of the indigenous Uighur people claim that the region, which they view as their fatherland and refer to as East Turkestan, is not part of China, but was invaded by China in 1949 and is since under Chinese occupation. China claims that the region has been part of China since ancient times, and nowadays calls it Xinjiang or “New Territory”. The separatism effort is led by ethnically Uighur Muslim underground organizations, most notably the East Turkestan independence movement, against the Chinese government.
This violent conflict between the Maoist people known as Naxalites and the Indian government has been going on since 1967.The Naxalite–Maoist insurgency gained international media attention after the 2013 Naxal attack in Darbha valley resulted in the deaths of around 24 Indian National Congress leaders.
Islamic Insurgency in the Philippines
Political tensions and hostilities between the Philippine government and Jihadist rebel groups began in the middle of the 20th century. To date, violence continues as rebel parties call for an Islamic state within the Philippines.
Philippine Communist Insurgency
Islamic militants aren’t the only issue in the Philippines. Some of its most prominent rebels are under the Communist Party. Until now, the government continues to red-tag possible communists, arousing violence from the rebels. Attacks have been launched from both parties with thin hopes of peace negotiations.
War in North West Pakistan
Started in 2004, the armed conflict ensued between Pakistani/American forces and armed militant groups such as the Al-Qaeda. The conflict has led to almost 50,000 deaths in its 9 years.