Even though the Roman Empire is over 2,000 years old, its contributions to the world continue on today. Usually, we assume ancient people were backward and simple living, but that simply isn’t true. We owe much of our own technology to the Roman people. From architecture to entertainment, Roman customs, knowledge, and designs have been handed down throughout the centuries. Curious to see what Roman wonders we take for granted? Here are 25 Indispensable Roman Contributions To The World.
The Julian Calendar
Many different calendars existed in Roman history, leading all the way up to the Julian calendar, which was the best calendar they had in ancient Rome. Most of our Gregorian calendar is based on the Julian one, including months, days, and the leap year. The Gregorian calendar was instituted to fix several of the Julian calendar’s problems.
The Romans loved a good meal and their dining room was a major part of their living space. A typical Roman dinner, which resembles much of modern dining, had three courses: the hors d’oeuvres, the main course, and the dessert. They also served wine throughout the meal; this differed from the Greeks, who served wine after a meal.
Before bound books, civilization mostly used stone tablets or scrolls. However, by the first century CE, Romans developed the codex which was bound papyrus or parchment together. However, books really didn’t catch on until the fifth century CE.
The ancient Romans developed a revolutionary plumbing system that first started with aqueducts, allowing them to transport running water to developed areas, and ended with the development of a complex lead piping system. They’re one of the first civilizations to do it and allowed for future advancements in the technology.
The Roman Emperor Augustus started the first courier service in the Roman Empire called “Cursus Publicus.” It helped relay messages and tax information from one place to another. He based it on the Persian system but changed it so that only one person goes from one place to another rather than relaying it to many people. It was a slower process but provided for more security and first-hand information.