According to the scientific community more than 2 million species of plants, animals, and microbes on Earth have been identified, but most experts believe and estimate that there are many millions more waiting to be discovered. Although it will definitely take centuries to discover all these new species, we conducted a humble search and came up with 25 incredible new species discovered in 2014. To be clear, this list involves both living and non-living discoveries.
Dendrogramma enigmatica & Dendrogramma discoides
According to a team of scientists from the University of Copenhagen in Denmark, two species of sea-dwelling, mushroom-shaped organisms discovered off Australia cannot at present be placed in an existing phylum. The two species, named Dendrogramma enigmatica and Dendrogramma discoides are multi-cellular and mostly non-symmetrical, with a dense layer of gelatinous material between the outer skin and inner stomach layers.
A new species of lizard-like reptiles that survived the mass extinction of the dinosaurs was found last year in South America. The newly identified species lived between 66 million and 23 million years ago in what is now Patagonia.
Humpback dolphins of the genus Sousa can be found along the coasts of Africa, Asia, and Australia. However, a new species doesn’t become official until it gets its own scientific name and researchers described Sousa sahulensis as a separate species only recently, a fact that gave Australia the honor of having its own species of humpback dolphin.
The Atlantic Coast leopard frog
A new frog species that can be found from Connecticut to North Carolina and emits a distinct call that sounds more like a cough than a croak was found last year. The Atlantic Coast leopard frog received the scientific name Rana kauffeldi after legendary ecologist Carl Kauffeld, a respected expert in reptiles and amphibians who claimed in 1937 that the tiny frog existed but whose assertion did not gain traction in the scientific community.
A new species of gecko was found living among the crumbling remains of an old French fort in northern Madagascar. Although researchers first found this new species in 2004 when they spotted a male with a broken tail, new genetic analysis and a close examination of its physical features show that it is a distinct species. According to this study the gecko, nocturnal by nature, is a master of camouflage and seamlessly blends in with the surrounding rocks and fortress ruins.