Philosophy has shaped the world. From science to politics, the great philosophers challenged the ways that we see things. And while you probably know many famous Greek philosophers, the list of philosophers is much longer than that.
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This book shocked people because before that time, everyone thought rulers were (or should be) virtuous. He claimed that, “Might makes right,” and “It is better to be feared than loved.”
He is also well known for using very simple words in his writings. When asked how we can know that external objects really exist at all, Locke said to simply stick your hand in a fire.
Diogenes of Sinope
Diogenes believed that Athens had become corrupt with vanity and wanted to bring back virtuous living. He would even walk through the streets of Athens while holding a lamp and saying that he was “looking for an honest man.”