Islamic architecture covers a broad range of mosques, tombs, palaces and forts around the world, especially in countries that were conquered by the Muslims in the 7th century. This type of architecture encompasses various architectural styles, including the Persian and Byzantine style, Ottoman style, Indo-Islamic style, Sino-Islamic style, Indonesian-Malay style, Sahelian-Islamic style and Somali-Islamic style. Its influence began to manifest in Abbasid buildings, T-type mosques and central-dome mosques during the Umayyad Dynasty which relatively featured minarets, four iwan plan, domes and cupolas. Here are 25 fascinating examples of Islamic Architecture:
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Selimiye Mosque. Edirne, Turkey. 1569-1575
Built by Architect Mimar Sinan, this Ottoman mosque located in Edrine, Turkey is considered as one of the highest achievements of Islamic architecture. It stands at the center of a kulliye and features an octagonal support system through eight pillars incised in a square shell of walls. It also has four domes and arches springing from the pillars.
Sixty Dome Mosque. Bagerhat,Bangladesh. 1442-1459
More commonly known as the Shait Gambuj Mosque or Saith Gunbad Masjid, the Sixty Dome Mosque is often recognized as the most impressive Muslim monument in the whole Indian continent. It has walls of unusually thick and tapered bricks and a hit-shaped roofline. It is known for its 77 squat domes with four-sided pitched Bengali domes in the middle row.
Si-yo-se-pol. Isfahan, Iran. 1599-1602
Also known as the Allah-Verdi Khan Bridge, Siosepol or Siose Bridge is ranked as one of the most famous examples of Safavid bridge design. This bridge consists of 33 arches and crosses the Sayandeh River. At the start of this bridge is a larger base plank.
Dome of the Rock. Jerusalem. 691 C.E.
The Dome of the Rock is located on the Temple Mount in the Old City of Jerusalem. Completed at the order of Umayyad Caliph Abdal-Malik during the Second Fitna, this dome has a plan structure that resembles that of the Christian Church of the Holy Sepulchre. Its interior is lavishly decorated with mosaic, faience and marble, while its exterior is covered with tiles.
Great Mosque of Damascus. Old City of Damascus. 715 C.E.
Also known as the Umayyad Mosque, the Great Mosque of Damascus is one of the largest and oldest mosques in the world and is considered the fourth holiest place in Islam. Its ground plan is rectangular in shape and its courtyard is enclosed with four exterior walls. Since its completion, this mosque has served as a model for congregational mosque architecture in Syria.