Avian Influenza (Bird Flu)
Although we’ve already covered influenza as a whole, certain strains adapt to a particular host, in this case birds. Most human contractions of the avian flu are a result of either handling dead infected birds or from contact with infected fluids. For this reason, there have been large outbreaks in heavily agricultural parts of Asia and Africa.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Often abbreviated as COPD, this disease is caused by noxious particles or gas, most commonly from tobacco smoking, that trigger an abnormal inflammatory response in the lung. Worldwide, COPD is projected to become the fourth leading cause of death by 2030 due to an increase in smoking rates and demographic changes in many countries.
Ischemic Heart Disease
Basically, this is a fancy way of saying heart attacks (or at least the factors that predispose individuals to them). By some estimates, 1 in 3 people are said to die from heart disease.
Meningitis is inflammation of the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. The inflammation may be caused by infection and less commonly by certain drugs. The most common symptoms are headache and neck stiffness associated with fever, confusion or altered consciousness, vomiting, and an inability to tolerate light or loud noises.