Argentina is a well-known South American nation with a relatively short history but a very rich and interesting culture. Its impressive, cosmopolitan capital, Buenos Aires, is centered on the sixteenth-century Plaza de Mayo, lined with stately buildings including the Casa Rosada, the iconic, balconied presidential palace. The country is widely known for the tango, elegant architecture, steak, wine, and soccer, while some of the most legendary figures of the twentieth century came from Argentina, including Eva Perón, Che Guevara, and Diego Armando Maradona. With a mainland area of 2,780,400 km2 (1,073,500 sq mi), Argentina is one of the largest countries in the world, the second largest in Latin America behind Brazil, and the largest Spanish-speaking one. Even though the earliest recorded human presence in the area of modern-day Argentina dates to the Paleolithic period, the nation has its roots in Spanish colonization during the sixteenth century. With massive waves of European immigration taking place during the last decades of the nineteenth century and the early years of the twentieth, the country radically reshaped its cultural and demographic outlook and took the form it pretty much has today. If this intro is not enough for you, however, here follow 25 Cool Facts About Argentina that will enlighten you about this beautiful country.