Pyramid of Sahure. Abusir, Egypt. C. 2480 B.C.
Known as the first pyramid built in the necropolis of Abusir, the Pyramid of Sahure was built for the second pharaoh of the fifth dynasty, Sahure. This pyramid used to be part of a mortuary complex near the shores of Abusir Lake, dubbed as “The Rising of the Ba Spirit of Sahure.”
Abu Ghurab. Memphis, Egypt. 2420 B.C.
A sun temple built by ancient Egyptians, Abu Ghurab was built to honor the God of Sun, Ra upon the orders of Nyuserre Ini. It was made out of mud brick and limestone and is located along the shores of Abusir Lake. The temple itself is rectangular in shape and its western end is remarkable for its large stone obelisk.
Tomb of Tausert and Setnakht. Luxor, Egypt. 1200 B.C.
The Tomb of Tausert and Setnakht is characterized by a series of corridors leading off to a burial chamber that has a sunken central floor flanked by four columns on both sides as well as a vault ceiling. It is ornamented with extracts from the Book of the Dead, such as sunken reliefs and black sketches.
Sultan Hasan Mosque. Cairo, Egypt. 1356-1361
Located near the Citadel of Cairo, the Sultan Hasan Mosque was completed sometime between 1356 and 1361. This huge complex measures 65 by 140 meters and has for stories. Its basic plan consists of a central courtyard that leads into four large “iwans” or halls. It was erected to serve as a “madrassa,” a building where Islamic theology is taught.
Qansuh Al-Ghuri. Cairo, Egypt. 1504
Considered as one of the most important and unusual of this series of buildings, the Qansuh Al-Ghuri has six stories and stands around a courtyard. Constructed out of stone masonry, its current design reveals the final evolution of a prayer chamber into a congregational mosque in Egypt. This building is characterized by an arcade of pointed arches and timber screens.