25 Awesome Pieces Of Egyptian Architecture

Ancient Egypt was characterized by a wealth of structures and architectural monuments, mostly along the Nile River. Construction activities at the time were mainly focused on pyramids, temples and tombs, the most popular of which were the Great Pyramid of Giza and the Luxor Temple. Since wood was scarcely available in Egypt, bricks and stones were the most predominant building materials used in ancient Egyptian construction. Today, people’s understanding of Egyptian architecture is mostly based on religious monuments and massive structures characterized by their thick and sloping mud walls as well as flat roofs made of huge stone blocks buttressed by closely spaced columns. Here is a list of some 25 awesome pieces of Egyptian architecture:

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Pyramid of Sahure. Abusir, Egypt. C. 2480 B.C.

Pyramid of Sahure. Abusir, Egypt. C. 2480 B.C.egyptphoto.ncf.ca

Known as the first pyramid built in the necropolis of Abusir, the Pyramid of Sahure was built for the second pharaoh of the fifth dynasty, Sahure. This pyramid used to be part of a mortuary complex near the shores of Abusir Lake, dubbed as “The Rising of the Ba Spirit of Sahure.”


Abu Ghurab. Memphis, Egypt. 2420 B.C.

Abu Ghurab. Memphis, Egypt. 2420 B.C.www.fotopedia.com

A sun temple built by ancient Egyptians, Abu Ghurab was built to honor the God of Sun, Ra upon the orders of Nyuserre Ini. It was made out of mud brick and limestone and is located along the shores of Abusir Lake. The temple itself is rectangular in shape and its western end is remarkable for its large stone obelisk.


Tomb of Tausert and Setnakht. Luxor, Egypt. 1200 B.C.

Tomb of Tausert and Setnakht. Luxor, Egypt. 1200 B.C.www.flickr.com

The Tomb of Tausert and Setnakht is characterized by a series of corridors leading off to a burial chamber that has a sunken central floor flanked by four columns on both sides as well as a vault ceiling. It is ornamented with extracts from the Book of the Dead, such as sunken reliefs and black sketches.


Sultan Hasan Mosque. Cairo, Egypt. 1356-1361

Sultan Hasan Mosque. Cairo, Egypt. 1356-1361.tripwow.tripadvisor.com

Located near the Citadel of Cairo, the Sultan Hasan Mosque was completed sometime between 1356 and 1361. This huge complex measures 65 by 140 meters and has for stories. Its basic plan consists of a central courtyard that leads into four large “iwans” or halls. It was erected to serve as a “madrassa,” a building where Islamic theology is taught.


Qansuh Al-Ghuri. Cairo, Egypt. 1504

Qansuh Al-Ghuri. Cairo, Egypt. 1504www.egypttravelsearch.net

Considered as one of the most important and unusual of this series of buildings, the Qansuh Al-Ghuri has six stories and stands around a courtyard. Constructed out of stone masonry, its current design reveals the final evolution of a prayer chamber into a congregational mosque in Egypt. This building is characterized by an arcade of pointed arches and timber screens.

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