Albinism is a congenital disorder characterized by the complete or partial absence of pigment in the skin, hair and eyes due to absence or defect of tyrosinase, a copper-containing enzyme involved in the production of melanin. While most of us have probably met an albino person, few people know that albinism also occurs in animals. Albino animals are very rare though. Scientists estimate that in mammals, for example, albinism occurs once out of 10,000 births. Another reason why albino animals are so scarce is because the disorder drastically reduces their survival rate. Due to their strikingly light skin color, albino animals can be easily picked out by predators and the absence of pigment also makes them much more prone to skin cancer and some other diseases. On the other hand, their rarity makes some albino animals very popular and pricey pets. In fact, some laboratory animals such as mice are even purposely bred to be albino. Some of the animals on this list are albinos. However, albinism is not the only reason why animals go completely white. Some pigment related disorder also include “whiteface”, Axanthism, and Leucism. Whatever the reason for these animal’s unique lack of color, their striking appearance is a thing of beauty. From white lions and penguins to alligators and koalas, here are 25 Awesome Looking White Or Albino Animals You Have To See Today.
Native to all continents except for Antarctica, the rat is a medium-sized, long-tailed rodent. The most common species of rat are the black and the brown rat but albino rats have also been recorded.
The white tiger is a pigmentation variant of the Bengal tiger, which is occasionally reported in some Indian states. According to scientists, one white tiger is born out of 10,000 births.
In native American religions, white buffalos are considered sacred. They are extremely rare though, The National Bison Association has estimated that they only occur in approximately one out of every 10 million births.
In peacocks, it might be difficult to tell if the bird is albino or have a genetic mutation called leucism. Both albino and leucist peacocks are entirely white but albinos have red or pink eyes while leucists have blue eyes.
It’s rare but albinism occurs in reptiles too. In 1995, an albino alligator was born in Florida.