Battles have been an integral part of human history for millennia. Shaping the future of the world, the most significant battles have spread culture, civilization, and religions. They have witnessed countless fallen heroes, glorious victories, and bloody defeats. Battles have seen incredible stories of honor and courage as well as horror and betrayal. To learn more about some of the most epic battles ever fought, check out these 25 Amazing Battles In History.
Battle of Gaixia (202 BC)
One of the most significant battles fought in Ancient China, the Battle of Gaixia was the decisive engagement of the Chu-Han Contention at which Liu-Bang, King of Han, defeated King Xiang-Yu of Chu to found the famous Han Dynasty. In the battle, Xiang-Yu’s army was decimated after being forced into the narrow Gaixia canyon where it was ambushed from ten sides by Han forces. Most of Xiang-Yu’s 100,000 soldiers were killed in the battle.
Battle of the Teutoburg Forest (9 AD)
A part of the Roman Conquest of Germania, the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest is one of the most famous battles of ancient history. In September 9 AD, a coalition of Germanic tribes, led by a nobleman named Arminius, defeated three Roman legions and forced their commander Publius Quintilius Varus to commit suicide. The result of the battle was that Germania remained independent and was never included in the Roman Empire. The battle, as well as the Teutoburg Forest where it was fought, has been an important national symbol for Germans since then.
Battle of Tours (732)
Also known as the Battle of Poitiers, the Battle of Tours was fought between forces under the Frankish leader Charles Martel and a massive invading Islamic army led by Emir Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi near the city of Tours, France. During the battle, the Franks defeated the Islamic army and killed Al Ghafiqi. This battle stopped the northward advance of Islam from the Iberian Peninsula, and is therefore considered to be of macro-historical importance as it halted the Islamic conquests and preserved Christianity as the controlling faith in Europe.
Battle of Hastings (1066)
One of the most famous and important battles in English history, the Battle of Hastings was fought between William of Normandy and his army from France (called the Normans), and King Harold II and his English (Anglo-Saxon) army. The Normans were better trained and had more archers than their Anglo-Saxon rivals, which enabled them to win this pivotal battle. The Anglo-Saxons, who had ruled the land for over 600 years since the Roman times, were defeated and the era of the Norman Conquest began.
Battle of Muret (1213)
The Battle of Muret took place in September 1213 when the crusading army of Simon IV de Montfort defeated the Catharist and Catalan Forces of Peter II of Aragon and those of his brother-in-law, Count Raymond. The battle began as a siege of the Castle of Muret near the city of Toulouse, France, but ended as an open battle. Despite being greatly outnumbered by their enemies, the crusaders emerged victorious in the battle, partly also because the two opposing war-lords could not agree on the best strategy.