25 of Earth’s Most Incredible Extremes

Posted by on December 31, 2012


Coldest Inhabited Place – Oymkyakon, Russia

Oymkyakon, RussiaWith sub zero temperatures for 7 months out of the year, this town of 400 people suffers long and brutally cold winters.

Windiest Place – Commonwealth Bay, Antarctica

Commonwealth BayWith winds that regularly exceed 240 kilometres (150 mi) per hour and an average annual wind speed of 80 kilometres (50 mi) per hour, Commonwealth Bay is the windiest spot on Earth.

Higest Waterfall – Angel Falls, Venezuela

Angel Falls, VenezuelaWith a height of 3,211 feet this waterfall is the largest in the world. In fact, it’s so high that water evaporates before it even reaches the ground!

Highest Mountain Pass – Marsimik La, India

Marsimik LaAt 5,582 metres (18,314 ft) this pass in northern India is often considered to be the highest navigable road in the world.

Largest Freshwater Lake – Lake Superior

Lake SuperiorThe largest body of freshwater in the world is found between the United States and Canada with a size of 31,820 square miles.

Longest Coastline of any Country – Canada

CanadaWith a coastline that stretches for 151,019 miles, if you were to walk its entire length at a pace of 20 km per day the journey would take you 33 years to complete.

Largest Gorge – Grand Canyon, United States

Grand Canyon, United StatesNearly 220 miles long and more than a mile deep, the Colorado River is responsible for carving out the world’s largest gorge.

Longest Glacier – Lambert-Fisher, Antarctica

Lambert-Fisher, AntarcticaStretching for over 100 miles, this is by far the longest ice flow in the world.

Shortest River – Roe River, Montana

Roe River, MontanaWith everyone always talking about the longest river in the world no one ever mentions anything about which one is the shortest. Well, no more. The Roe River that flows between Giant Springs and the Missouri River has been named by the Guinness Book of World Records to be the shortest river on Earth at only 200 feet long.

Lowest Point – Challenger Deep

Challenger DeepLocated at the bottom of the Marianas Trench 10,911 m (35,797 ft) below sea level only three people have ever reached the bottom.
David Pegg


After helping found the United Nations, the United States, and United Airlines, David consigned himself to a transient life of writing lists and sleeping on park benches.

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  • kenbaj

    Top 2 rainiest places:

    1. Cherrapunji, India: 498 Inches
    2. Mawsynram, India: 467.4 Inches

  • seth

    Abkhazia is not part of Georgia. It is an independant country with its own people, language, culture and history.

  • Avro Arrow

    I would just like to point out that Lake Superior is not the largest body of freshwater on the planet. It does have the largest surface area of any body of freshwater on earth at 82,100 sq km but Lake Baikal in Russia is the largest body of freshwater on the planet even though it only has a surface area of 12,248 sq km. This is because Lake Superior has an average depth of 147m while Lake Baikal has an average depth of 744m. The total amount of water in Lake Superior is 12,000 cubic kilometres while the total amount of water in Lake Baikal is almost double at 23,615 cubic kilometres. Therefore, while Lake Superior does have the largest surface area (by far) of any freshwater lake, it is not “the largest body of fresh water in the world”. And for God’s sake, use metric units. About 300,000,000 people use that obsolete imperial system while 7,060,000,000 use metric. Even the scientific community of the United States uses metric.