25 of Earth’s Most Incredible Extremes

Posted by on December 31, 2012

Although as far as planets are concerned Earth is relatively moderate with regards to its climate and geography (good thing too!), there are places even in our own world that may surprise you with their level of extremeness. Whether it’s the coldest place on Earth or the deepest trench in the sea, get ready to have your mind blown by 25 of Earth’s most incredible extremes!


Coldest Inhabited Place – Oymkyakon, Russia

With sub zero temperatures for 7 months out of the year, this town of 400 people suffers long and brutally cold winters.


Windiest Place – Commonwealth Bay, Antarctica

With winds that regularly exceed 240 kilometres (150 mi) per hour and an average annual wind speed of 80 kilometres (50 mi) per hour, Commonwealth Bay is the windiest spot on Earth.


Higest Waterfall – Angel Falls, Venezuela

With a height of 3,211 feet this waterfall is the largest in the world. In fact, it’s so high that water evaporates before it even reaches the ground!


Highest Mountain Pass – Marsimik La, India

At 5,582 metres (18,314 ft) this pass in northern India is often considered to be the highest navigable road in the world.


Largest Freshwater Lake – Lake Superior

The largest body of freshwater in the world is found between the United States and Canada with a size of 31,820 square miles.


Longest Coastline of any Country – Canada

With a coastline that stretches for 151,019 miles, if you were to walk its entire length at a pace of 20 km per day the journey would take you 33 years to complete.


Largest Gorge – Grand Canyon, United States

Nearly 220 miles long and more than a mile deep, the Colorado River is responsible for carving out the world’s largest gorge.


Longest Glacier – Lambert-Fisher, Antarctica

Stretching for over 100 miles, this is by far the longest ice flow in the world.


Shortest River – Roe River, Montana

With everyone always talking about the longest river in the world no one ever mentions anything about which one is the shortest. Well, no more. The Roe River that flows between Giant Springs and the Missouri River has been named by the Guinness Book of World Records to be the shortest river on Earth at only 200 feet long.


Lowest Point – Challenger Deep

Located at the bottom of the Marianas Trench 10,911 m (35,797 ft) below sea level only three people have ever reached the bottom.