25 of Earth’s Most Incredible Extremes

Posted by on December 31, 2012

Although as far as planets are concerned Earth is relatively moderate with regards to its climate and geography (good thing too!), there are places even in our own world that may surprise you with their level of extremeness. Whether it’s the coldest place on Earth or the deepest trench in the sea, get ready to have your mind blown by 25 of Earth’s most incredible extremes!


Hottest Inhabited Place – Dallol, Ethiopia

Dallol, EthiopiaWith an average daily temperature of 34.4 °C (93.9 °F), it should come as no surprise that these days the city little more than a ghost town.

Deepest Cave – Krubera Cave

Krubera CaveFound in Abkhazia, the Krubera Cave is the only known cave on Earth deeper than 2000 meters.

Highest Point – Mount Everest

Mount EverestReached by roughly 3,000 climbers since the 1950s, its summit elevation is 8,848 m (29,029 ft) above sea level.

Point Farthest From The Earth’s Center – Chimborazo, Ecuador

Chimborazo, EcuadorAlthough the peak of Mount Everest is the highest point above sea level, because Earth bulges at its equator due to its rotation, the summit of Chimborazo in Ecuador is actually the point on Earth farthest from it’s center.

Most Remote Island – Bouvet Island

Bouvet IslandThis small uninhabited Norwegian island in the South Atlantic Ocean is almost 1,000 miles from Antarctica and nearly 1,500 miles from South Africa.

Most Remote Continental Point – Antarctic Pole Of Inaccessibility

Antarctic Pole Of InaccessibilityA pole of inaccessibility is the point on a continent that is farthest from any ocean. Of the seven continents Antarctica’s is the most remote and yes that is a statue of Lenin you see there.

Flattest Place – Salar de Uyuni, Bolivia

Salar de Uyuni, BoliviaFormed out of several dried up lake beds, the world’s largest salt flat is 4,086 sq mi (10,582 sq km).

Highest Navigable Lake – Lake Titicaca

Lake TiticacaAt an elevation of 3,812 m (12,507 ft) this lake on the border of Peru and Bolivia is also the largest in South America.

Lowest Point On Dry Land – Shore of the Dead Sea

Shore of the Dead Sea418 m (1,371 ft) below sea level this point is shared by Israel, Jordan, and the West Bank.

Longest Mountain Range – The Andes, South America

The AndesStretching for nearly 5000 miles this range extends through 7 South American countries.

Deepest Artificial Hole – Kola superdeep borehole

Kola superdeep boreholeWith the intent of quite literally digging until they could dig no more, Russian scientists manage to reach a depth of 12,262 metres (40,230 ft) or about a third of the way through the Baltic continental crust.

Rainiest Place – Chocó, Colombia

Chocó, ColombiaThis region in Colombia receives 11,770 cm (463.4 inches, or 38 ft, 6 inches) of rain per year making it the world’s rainiest lowland.

Driest Place – Atacama Desert, Chile

Atacama Desert, ChileIt is so dry here that between October 1903 to January 1918 not a single drop of rain fell on the desert town of Arica which is the longest rainless period ever recorded.

Most Populous Landlocked Country – Ethiopia

EthiopiaNot only is it home to the hottest inhabited place on Earth, it is also home to over 70 million people without a coastline, more than any other landlocked nation.

Greatest Vertical Drop – Mount Thor, Canada

Mount ThorAt 1,250 m (4,101 ft), with an average angle of 105 degrees, this drop makes Thor a favorite among climbers.
David Pegg


After helping found the United Nations, the United States, and United Airlines, David consigned himself to a transient life of writing lists and sleeping on park benches.

  • Show your Love For List25

    Join over 410,000 people in our community

  • kenbaj

    Top 2 rainiest places:

    1. Cherrapunji, India: 498 Inches
    2. Mawsynram, India: 467.4 Inches

  • seth

    Abkhazia is not part of Georgia. It is an independant country with its own people, language, culture and history.

  • Avro Arrow

    I would just like to point out that Lake Superior is not the largest body of freshwater on the planet. It does have the largest surface area of any body of freshwater on earth at 82,100 sq km but Lake Baikal in Russia is the largest body of freshwater on the planet even though it only has a surface area of 12,248 sq km. This is because Lake Superior has an average depth of 147m while Lake Baikal has an average depth of 744m. The total amount of water in Lake Superior is 12,000 cubic kilometres while the total amount of water in Lake Baikal is almost double at 23,615 cubic kilometres. Therefore, while Lake Superior does have the largest surface area (by far) of any freshwater lake, it is not “the largest body of fresh water in the world”. And for God’s sake, use metric units. About 300,000,000 people use that obsolete imperial system while 7,060,000,000 use metric. Even the scientific community of the United States uses metric.