Miracles are unexplained changes in the natural order. They defy the impossible and are by definition rare. From Moses parting the red sea to Jesus resurrecting from the dead, the Bible is chock full of the miraculous, and for centuries, scholars have wondered how they could have happened. While science tries to explain the natural world and not the miraculous, occasionally scientists weigh in on the science behind Biblical miracles. Ready to hear what they have to say? Here are 25 Bible stories with logical scientific explanations.
The Ten Plagues
As Moses frequently asked the Egyptian Pharaoh to let his people go, he refused. In turn, God punished Egypt for it, causing ten plagues starting with the Nile turning red with blood. Afterward, the area was covered in frogs, lice, wild animals, diseased livestock, boils, hail, locusts, darkness for three days, and death of the firstborn. Scientists have claimed they may have found the source for these plagues. They discovered evidence of an ecological disaster hundreds of miles away that could have brought the plagues to Egypt.
Water from a Stone
With the Israelites out of Egypt and walking around in the desert, they were desperate for water. In the story, Moses strikes a rock and water comes pouring out. Scientists have explained limestone rock, which is rather abundant near Mount Sinai, is soluble and can hold tons of water.
Burning Bush - Part 1
While Moses was in the wilderness by himself, he witnessed a burning bush and it spoke to him as the voice of God. Scientists theorize it’s possible Moses witnessed an “Earthquake Light,” a bizarre phenomenon after or before an earthquake occurs. The light looks like a luminous burning flame.
Burning Bush - Part 2
However, the Earthquake Light theory doesn’t explain a physical bush burning or that it says the bush burned without being burnt up. Another scientific theory explains the bush was likely under a volcanic vent which makes the ground incredibly hot. Researchers from Norway discovered this phenomenon and found similar burning bushes that wouldn’t stop burning.
Moses Speaking to God
About that whole “speaking to God” thing at the burning bush. Scientists have an opinion on that as well. A professor of psychology at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem said Moses could have been under the influence of a plant called “Ayahuasca” which can cause serious hallucinations.